The Brazzaville Special Economic Zone (SEZ) covers a surface area of 164.100 hectares. For this SEZ, several sites were studied and considered suitable by virtue of their topology and easy access to infrastructure amongst other qualities. The site chosen for the Brazzaville SEZ is situated at Maloukou-Ttéchot.
The Government has planned to implement the SEZ of Brazzaville in two (02) phases.
A first phase focused on:
- the dynamization of the palm sector (processing of palm oil, for example into edible oil and soap);
- horticulture (flowers, fruits and vegetables)
- construction materials (cement, aggregates, bricks / tiles);
- development of logistics (transport, packaging, storage, etc.);
A second cantered on:
- renewable energy, with the production of cane sugar bioethanol and palm oil bio-fuel;
- research and financial services.
Experimental projects have been launched in this SEZ (under the free trade regime). These identified activities have the following objectives:
- valorisation of the country's assets and competitive advantages
- strong potential for creating added value in the country;
- increased export shares;
- creation of direct and local jobs;
- ability to generate induced activity and employment ;
- respect for the environment;
- Significant impact on GDP
Main factors for the development of the Brazzaville SEZ
The region is characterized by the presence of basic physical infrastructure that provide connectivity to several major cities in the country through national roads (N-1), namely the N-1 linking the Pointe-Noire region through Nkayi, Madingou , Dolisie to Brazzaville. This road is joined to the national road N ° 2, connecting Brazzaville through Ollombo-Oyo to Ouesso. National Road N ° 1 helps in development of the agricultural potential of the departments served, evacuation of the products to consumption zones as well as the sub-regional trade thereby reinforcing the transit activity of the Republic of Congo from the ocean to the hinterland.
The city of Brazzaville is well connected to the economic capital, Pointe-Noire, thanks to an extensive rail network of 510 km. It has an international airport linking the city to national and international destinations, thus offering greater visibility on a global scale. The airport is modern, built with a second runway of 3,700 meters. This airport includes seven telescopic glazed walkways suitable for Airbus A 380 and Boeing 747-400 aircraft. It is served by several national and international airlines (such as Trans Air Congo, Equatorial Congo Airlines, New Air Congo, Air France, South African Airways, Ethiopian Airlines and Royal Air Maroc). Pointe-Noire and international destinations such as Paris, Addis Ababa, Douala, Cotonou, Bamako, Casablanca, Johannesburg, Libreville, Dubai, etc., that connect the region to other commercial and industrial destinations.
This river Congo plays the role of major penetrating axis, with the traffics of wood (downstream) and food or oil products (upstream). It is an efficient channel of communication and trade for the supply of the big city of Kinshasa, whose population is expected to rise from the current 10 million to some 15 million by 2025.
The creation of the dry port of Maloukou-Tréchot is also envisaged, coupled with the construction of the road-rail bridge on the Congo River, linking the Congo and the Democratic Republic of Congo.